On Tuesday morning, news from Beijing began to emerge: China passed a new security law in Hong Kong.
The law criminalizes any act of secession, subversion, terrorism or collusion with foreign forces.
And in minutes, the effect was obvious. Pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong began to give up, afraid of the new law and the punishment it allows.
Here are some of their reactions, from other governments and campaign groups.
Secretary-General and founding member of the pro-democracy group Demosisto, and a key figure in the 2014 Umbrella movement
“This [the law] marks the end of Hong Kong that the world knew before,” said Wong, after announcing that he was leaving Demosisto.
“From now on, Hong Kong enters a new era of reign of terror, just like the Taiwan White Terror, with arbitrary prosecutions, black prisons, secret trials, forced confessions, media repression and political censorship.
“With broad powers and ill-defined laws, the city will become a secret police state. Hong Kong protesters now face great possibilities of being extradited to China’s courts for life sentences and sentences.”
Founding President of Demosisto, former student leader
On Facebook, Law said the law ushered in a “bloody cultural revolution”.
But despite leaving Demosisto, he said he would continue to fight for democracy “in a personal capacity”.
He added on Twitter: “Stay strong, my friends. Hong Kong people will not give up.”
Hours after Law, Wong and others left Demosisto, the group announced that it would completely disband. “We will meet again,” he said.
Hong Kong National Front
Minutes after the law was passed, the group said on Twitter that it was dissolving in Hong Kong, but would continue its work abroad. They say it has branches in Taiwan and the United Kingdom.
Its Hong Kong spokesman, Baggio Leung – who was briefly a member of parliament in 2016 – is also leaving the group.
But the group said that the end of operations in Hong Kong does not mean that the fight is over. “Today is not the end point,” he said.
“From now on, China will have the power to impose its own laws on any criminal suspect it chooses,” said Amnesty China team chief Joshua Rosenzweig.
“The fact that the Chinese authorities passed this law without the people of Hong Kong being able to see it says a lot about their intentions.
“Their goal is to rule Hong Kong through fear from this point on.”
“The measure severely affects the freedom, human rights and stability of Hong Kong society,” said cabinet spokesman Evian Ting, when the Taiwanese government warned its citizens of an increased risk of visiting Hong Kong.
“The government strongly condemns it and reiterates its support for the people of Hong Kong, in the struggle for democracy and freedom.”
Hong Kong government leader, speaking before the law is passed
“We don’t have to worry,” said Lam in May.
“In the past 23 years, whenever people have been concerned about Hong Kong’s freedom of speech and freedom of speech and protest, over and over again, Hong Kong has proven that we defend and preserve those values.”
“The fundamental values in terms of the rule of law, the independence of the judiciary, the various rights and freedoms that people enjoy will continue to be present,” he added.